Agra Fort – Know Architecture, History, Entry Fee, Best Time to Visit!
Agra Fort is the most intriguing and chivalrous monument just 2.5 km away from another wonder monument Taj Mahal.
The fort was beautifully constructed by medieval Mughal designer and every wall and brick recite the story how every emperor of the Mughal era tried to get over it with all his might.
The fort was like a necessary possession of the king to show his supremacy to others. And in this long history of war and triumph, every and each corner of the Fort has an untold story.
Apart from this intriguing story the fort also has attention-grabbing and exciting activities to enjoy with family and friends throughout the visit to the Fort.
Best Time to Visit Agra Fort
The best time to Visit Agra For is during winters from the month of October to March when the temperature is pleasant. You can walk all day long even on a sunny bright day.
The Scheduled visiting hours are in the morning from 6.00 A.M to 6:00 P.M.
The Light and Sound show in the night is also a very popular event that takes place inside Agra Fort which is been performed daily for 1 hour in two different sessions, one for English and another for Hindi speaking audience.
The entrance fee for Agra Fort is Rs 550 for day time and Rs 750 for the night.
Before telling you the story it is very important to understand the backdrop of the location. Here is a brief Location and architectural plan of Red Fort:
Architecture of Agra Fort
A semi-circular, red colored design facing Yamuna river slightly drifted away towards east from the white stone monument, “Taj Mahal” is Agra Fort. Situated in the center of the city, the monument is at uphill making a perfect spot to view the daily activities of the city.
Adorned in Mughal architects and design, you can presume Architecture of Agra fort as a labyrinth of courtrooms, gardens, Mahals, secret passway and many other incredible architects to explore and understand the complete story of the fort.
There are four gates at Agra Fort out of which only two gates are popularly used, the other two remain shut throughout the year.
1. The Delhi Gate or Lahore Gate.
This is double secured by strong Elephant gate inside and is the entrance gate of the Royal family residence. It was used as a safety gate for military and royal family members to protect them at the time of the invasion.
The gate still remains closed for public and is only used by military officers.
2. The Amar Singh Gate.
This Gate was earlier Akbar gate is a welcoming gate and is used for entering the fort. The gate is massive and beautifully crafted.
3. Jahangir Palace.
is just to your right when you enter from Amar Singh gate. The palace is not that massive as massive the hedonist ruler Jahangir’s bathtub is, which is still lying there in shredded condition.
4. Khas Mahal.
It is again at your east when you move forward, which was once the palace of Shah Jahan, who was deeply in deep love with his wife and was also obsessed with white marble construction. The beautiful Taj Mahal architected was conceived in his mind and it took almost 14 years to execute it. The Khas Mahal is again a beautifully constructed monument with a view of the Taj Mahal from its balcony and also has a massive pool.
5. Anguri Bagh.
This is toward the northeast as you stroll forward. This area is surreptitious with much underground passage and room. The most exciting corner of this area is Sheesh Mahal which is uniquely constructed by Persian mirror from walls to the roof, Every mirror reflecting the image of the person beneath the roof is a sure sign of extreme self-obsessed persona of the ruler.
6. Shahjahan prison.
It is a place of vanity ruled by his own son Aurangzeb who imprisoned him in this area. The place is situated in the extreme north where Shahjahanspends his last eight years of life viewing the Taj Mahal and missing his beloved wife Mumtaz.
7. Diwan E Khas.
This is a courtyard towards the west especially for the ruler and his close fellow men, where all the necessary rules, strategy, decisions were made. The highlight of this area was the massive peacock throne which was studded with the precious stone. Kohinoor Diamond, the hefty one was also embedded in this throne, built by king Shah Jahan which was then acquired by Britishers and is still with them.
8. Nagina Masjid.
This is also the part of this courtyard which is a mosque exclusively for royal ladies.
9. Diwan E Aam.
It is a place on the outer sphere of this courtyard where the ruler used to hold meetings with the native countrymen and would listen to their problems.
The last stop where the glorious story of the fort comes to an end is a small grave of lieutenant governor of British John Colvin, who died inside the fort during his time of service.
Now coming to the plot of this beguiling property which has been invaded and conquered again and again and now standing estranged as a leftover of the pretentious defeat.
History of Agra Fort
As the Agra fort history starts from the year 1500 when Ibrahim Lodhi king from Persia and the last ruler of dynasty shared his capital among Delhi and Agra laid down the initial foundation of his home and his new capital near the banks of the river Yamuna surrounded with fertile land and moderate climate. The utopian location also lured the Mughal king Babur who continue with the same legacy after winning over Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat in the year 1526.
Babur spends many glorious years of his life in this palace and also crowned his son Humayun as a new ruler after his decease. But the quixotic and arduous Fort always had bad eyes of invaders and this time it was Sher Shah Suri who defeated Humayun invaded and sought his possessions and ruled it for 15 years from 1540 to 1555.
But as you can’t forget your first love, first home. Humayun can’t get the palace out of his mind and with proper planning and strategy attacked again to win this time and recaptured the fort again in 1556 and to his down on luck he loses it again to him.
Akbar who came in power as the ruler after Humayun knew how important the place has been to his father and forefathers that seeing the dispute in central or Delhi he made up his mind to get the prestigious possession back and shifted his capital to Agra Fort in Agra in 1557.
Akbar being the curator of rich architecture and lavish artefacts renovated the interior of the fort by exclusively using the red sandstone from Rajasthan and was in so much in love with this place that took his last breath in this fort. Jahangir his son was a noble person who was more interested in fighting for other matters than over the property dispute.
But as Akbar his grandson Shahjahan had a thing for architecture and monuments and unlike his grandfather, he was more obsessed with white marble, so he renovated the interiors in marble, which is still there.
From Jahangir to Shah Jahan their love story, their fatal misery and their heartbreaking tragic unsuccessful marriage, Agra fort saw them all, heard them all and even had it all. The walls were scratched, pounded and even bombarded, the red fort might have bleed, but none saw it, no one felt it and in this oblivion, the building must have shielded more in that red colour.
The Agra Fort still relish the same interiors designed by Shah Jahan and is still as lucid as it was before.Every stone and every brock speaking for its own. The Red fort continued to tarnish in many battles from Maratha, to Britishers to global warming, to pollution, but the aura of such princely palace is so powerful that you still can feel that era even after more than 500 years.The fort is now Government property since independence.
Why Agra Fort Was Built?
When I try to find an answer to this question I sulk in the pride people choose in materialistic things. I am sure the Yamuna river, the fertile land and the near accessibility to Delhi might have been the reason to choose Agra as the next capital city but Agra fort would have been just sweet home to the king if the rulers would not have taken pride in not only defeating the opponent but crushing them more by invading the private places that were nurturer, caretaker, and shelter for them and their family.
Who Made Agra Fort?
On records, Ibrahim Lodhi was the man to lay the foundation, but Babur pride, Shershah Suri Avarice Humayun lust. Akbar rationality, Jahangir modesty, Shahjahan Aurgnazeb cruelty, Maratha’s reward, and Britisher’s Game plan, are some building blocks of this UNESCO recognized heritage monument.
Some of the facts to keep you surprised!!
- 4000 men worked for eight years to make this large creation of creative desire and beauty arts.
- City fort is asserted as a world heritage site by Unesco
- The walls of the Red Fort are as tall as seventy feet high!!?
Red Fort design is seventh heaven to fashionable architecture designer who can learn the impeccable construction of smooth sneaking out of the entire troop and family during wars or emergencies.